Fernando Collor de Mello é proveniente de uma família com grande ligação com a política. DEVOLVE A POUPANÇA DO MEU AVÔ Leiam Democracia: O Deus que Falhou Although Zélia acknowledged later that the Plano Collor didn't end inflation, she also stated: "It is also possible to see with clarity that, under very difficult conditions, we promoted the balancing of the national debt – and that, together with the commercial opening, it created the basis for the implementation of the Plano Real.". Fernando Collor was born into a political family. The formal petition, submitted on September 1, 1992, began impeachment proceedings. [dead link] The first President of Brazil elected by popular vote in 29 years, Collor spent the early years of his presidency battling inflation, which at times reached rates of 25% a month.  In 2002, with political rights restored, he ran for Governor of Alagoas, but lost to incumbent Governor Ronaldo Lessa [pt], who was seeking reelection.. The plan attempted to reduce the money supply by forcibly converting large portions of consumer bank accounts into non-cashable government bonds, while at the same time increasing the printing of money bills, a counterbalancing measure to combat hyper-inflation. Collor also voted to impeach Rousseff as Senator. These programs were promoted during Collor's administration. Fernando Collor de Mello Wiki 2020, Height, Age, Net Worth 2020, Family - Find facts and details about Fernando Collor de Mello on wikiFame.org Collor (possibly from Quechua quyllur, star) is an archaeological site in Peru.It is situated in the Cajamarca Region, Cajamarca Province, Namora District. For the archaeological site in the Cajamarca Region, Peru also spelt Collor, see, Collor's official photo as president (circa 1990), Celi Elisabete Júlia Monteiro de Carvalho, Free trade, privatization and state reforms, (President of the Brazilian Association of Press), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Fernando Afonso Collor de Mello - Biografia", "O marketing político e a importância da imagem-marca em campanhas eleitorais majoritárias", "29 de Setembro de 1992: o impeachment do Collor", "Os efeitos da privatização sobre o desempenho econômico e financeiro das empresas privatizadas", "The Hyperinflation in Brazil, 1980–1994", http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+br0009, "Lula segue política econômica de FHC, diz diretor do FMI", A CONTINUIDADE DA POLÍTICA MACROECONÔMICA ENTRE O GOVERNO CARDOSO E O GOVERNO LULA: UMA ABORDAGEM SÓCIO-POLÍTICA, A POLÍTICA ECONÔMICA EXTERNA DO GOVERNO COLLOR: LIBERALIZAÇÃO COMERCIAL E FINANCEIRA, "UNE 70 Anos: "Fora Collor: o grito da juventude cara-pintada, Imprensa Nacional – Visualização dos Jornais Oficiais, "Fernando Collor é eleito senador por Alagoas", Sentença de indeferimento do registro da candidatura de Fernando Collor à Prefeitura de São Paulo, "Após 14 anos de sua renúncia, Collor volta a Brasília como senador", "Fernando Collor confirma pré-candidatura ao governo de Alagoas", "Fernando Collor, PTB, é reeleito senador pelo estado de Alagoas", "Brazil House Leader, Ex-President Hit With Corruption Charges", "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1991", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fernando_Collor_de_Mello&oldid=999668924, Brazilian Democratic Movement politicians, Brazilian Labour Renewal Party politicians, Brazilian Labour Party (current) politicians, Republican Party of the Social Order politicians, Brazilian politicians convicted of corruption, Honorary Recipients of the Order of the Crown of the Realm, Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), BLP articles lacking sources from February 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Vote to suspend Collor from the Presidency, Approved; process resumes, despite of Collor's resign, Convicted; Collor loses political right for 8 years, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 09:44. In December 1989, days prior to the second round, businessman Abílio Diniz was the victim of a sensational political kidnapping. Gosto e odor sentidos na água em Canoas não trazem malefícios à saúde, diz Corsan. This was Collor's second electoral loss. Mr. President and Mrs. Collor and distinguished guests, friends of Brazil, it's a distinct privilege for Barbara and me to salute this extraordinary President, Fernando Collor de Mello. He was convicted and barred from holding public office for a period of eight years. "Collor" is a Portuguese adaptation of the German surname Köhler, from his maternal grandfather Lindolfo Leopoldo Boeckel Collor. Today he is the only politician in Brazil to have an officially clear record validated by an investigation by all interests and sectors of the opposition government. Fernando Collor de Mello shaking hands, all smiles, poised by WH portico. Filiado ao Partido Republicano da Ordem Social (PROS), é senador por Alagoas desde 2007 e foi presidente da Comissão de Relações Exteriores do Senado de 2017 até 2019. Moreover, Collor de Mello was accused of corruption, and he resigned in 1992 as his trial was about to begin. Their faces, often painted in a mixture of the colors of the flag and protest-black, lead to them being called "Caras-pintadas" ("Painted Faces").. Brazilian politician with an advantaged political background and a strong image comparable to President Kennedy, sportive and aggressive.  The Plano Collor I, under Zélia would be renewed with the implementation of the Plano Collor II; the government's loss of prestige would make that follow-up plan short-lived and largely ineffective.  Collor has been, since March 2009, Chairman of the Senate Infrastructure Commission. Corrections? In 2014, Collor was re-elected to the Senate with 55% of the vote. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. After entering politics, he was successively named mayor of Alagoas' capital Maceió in 1979 (National Renewal Alliance Party), elected a federal deputy (Democratic Social Party) in 1982, and eventually elected governor of the small Northeastern state of Alagoas (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party) in 1986. Collor's administration was paralyzed by the fast deterioration of his image, through a succession of corruption accusations. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, né le 12 août 1949 à Rio de Janeiro, est un homme d'État brésilien. On July 1, 1992, a Joint Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry, composed of Senators and members of the Chamber of Deputies, formed in Congress to investigate the accusation and review the evidence uncovered by police and federal prosecutors. Fernando Collor de Mello was elected president of Brazil on December 15, 1989, and inaugurated on March 15, 1990. , This political crisis had negative consequences on his ability to carry out his policies and reforms. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello is a Brazilian politician who served as the 32nd President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment trial by the Brazilian Senate. In the month before Collor took power, hyperinflation was at 90 percent per month and climbing. Under the Constitution of Brazil, the impeachment process required two thirds of the Chamber of Deputies to vote to allow the charges of impeachment to be escalated to the Senate. Fernando Afonso Collor de Mello was born in the family of an Alagoas politician, Arnon Afonso de Farias Melo, who was governor of this state in 1951-1956. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Río de Janeiro, Brasil; 12 de agosto de 1949) es un político brasileño.Fue el 32°. Collor was the first President democratically elected after the end of the Brazilian military government.  Other pieces of evidence that were only gathered because of the information first extracted from files stored in Farias' computer were also voided, as the Collor defense successfully invoked the fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine before the Brazilian Supreme Court. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Rio de Janeiro, 12 augustus 1949) is een Braziliaans politicus.Hij staat vooral bekend als de 36ste president van het land. The Senate's formal written sentence on the impeachment trial, containing its conviction of the former president and disqualification from public office for eight years, signed by the president of the Supreme Court and by the Senators on December 30, 1992, was published in the Diário Oficial da União (the Brazilian Federal Government's official journal) on December 31, 1992.. Senator Amir Lando [pt] was chosen as the rapporteur of the Commission of Inquiry, chaired by Congressman Benito Gama [pt]. Details of the charge were kept under wraps so as not to jeopardize the investigation.. After he resigned from the presidency, the impeachment trial on charges of corruption continued. He is the son of the former Senator Arnon Affonso de Farias Mello [pt] and Leda Collor (daughter of former Labour Minister Lindolfo Collor, led by his father, former governor of Alagoas and proprietor of the Arnon de Mello Organization, the branch of Rede Globo in the state. Collor won in the state of São Paulo against many prominent political figures. In discussing the events surrounding the corruption charges, the former website stated: "After two and half years of the most intense investigation in Brazilian history, the Supreme Court of Brazil declared him innocent of all charges. , On August 20, 2015, Collor was charged by the Prosecutor General of Brazil with corruption, as a development of Operation Car Wash (Portuguese: Operação Lava Jato). The accusations weighed on the government and led Collor and his team to an institutional crisis leading to a loss of credibility that reached the finance minister, Zélia. Entre 1975 e 1981, Fernando Collor foi casado com Ceci Elizabeth Júlia Monteiro de Carvalho, conhecida como Lilibeth Monteiro de Carvalho, filha de Joaquim Monteiro de Carvalho do Grupo Monteiro Aranha, com quem teve dois filhos: Arnon Afonso de Mello Neto (1976)e Joaquim Pedro Monteiro de Carvalho Collor de Mello (1978). See Pedro Collor de Mello, Passando a Limpo: A Trajet6ria de um Farsante (Rio de Janeiro: Editora Record, 1993), pp. Collor thus only regained his political rights in 2000, after the expiration of the eight year disqualification imposed by the Brazilian Senate. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Promising to promote economic growth and combat corruption and inefficiency, Collor de Mello defeated the leftist Collor ran again for Governor of Alagoas in 2010. Collor became president of Brazilian football club Centro Sportivo Alagoano (CSA) in 1976. The country’s economic decline, fueled by a staggering foreign debt and hyperinflation, failed to improve. The following year he abandoned PRTB and switched to the Brazilian Labour Party (PTB). If found guilty of the charges, the former president would face a jail sentence. On October 2, 1992, Collor received a formal summons from the Brazilian Senate notifying him that the Senate had accepted the report, and that he was now a defendant in an impeachment trial. Collor was the first President democratically elected after the end of the Brazilian military government. He first won election in 2006 and was reelected in 2014. Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello speaks during the Asahi Shimbun interview on June 4, 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. "It was a thirsty and gluttonous way of using power," said Renan Calheiros, a leader of the "bandits," the term he himself coined for the group that robbed the country along with Fer- nando Collor. Fernando Collor de Mello Minha luta, como todos sabem, é uma luta solitária, mas continuo às claras. Collor's attorneys argued that with Collor's resignation, the impeachment trial could not proceed and should close without ruling on the merits. Four years later he was elected to the Brazilian Senate representing that state. Hij was in ambt van 15 maart 1990 tot 29 december 1992 en was daarmee niet alleen de eerste president van het land na de terugkeer van de democratie, maar hij is ook de jongste president die het land ooit heeft gehad. In 1993, Collor challenged before the Brazilian Supreme Court the Senate's decision to continue the trial after his resignation but the Supreme Court ruled the Senate's action valid. October 1, 1992, this report was presented on the floor of the Senate, and the full Senate voted to accept it and to proceed. Fernando Collor de Mello e 17 de dezembro na história: a vitória de Fernando Collor e a estreia de Os Simpsons Carille alcança 11 jogos de invencibilidade na Arábia e fala sobre readaptação. 'nɐ̃.dʊ a. In Brazil, a formal petition for impeachment of the President must be submitted by one or more private citizens, not by corporations or public institutions. The Senate voted to continue the trial. During the course of his government, Collor was accused of condoning an influence peddling scheme. Foi o primeiro presidente eleito pelo voto popular após a redemocratização, nas eleições de 1989, batendo Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. In 2019 Collor left PTC and joined the Republican Party of the Social Order. 'fõ.sʊ 'kɔ.lɔʁ di 'mɛ.lʊ], (born August 12, 1949) was president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he was impeached. In 1991, UNICEF chose three health programs: community agents, lay midwives and eradication of measles as the best in the world. Collor was found guilty by the … The Supreme Court had original jurisdiction under the Brazilian Constitution because Collor was one of the defendants and the charges mentioned crimes committed by a President while in office. During his term as governor, he attracted publicity by allegedly fighting high salaries for public servants, whom he labeled marajás (maharajas) (likening them to the former princes of India who received a stipend from the government as compensation for relinquishing their lands). BRASILIA - Brazil's lower house of parliament yesterday overwhelmingly voted to impeach President Fernando Collor de Mello on corruption charges, stripping him of power for six months. Promising to promote economic growth and combat corruption and inefficiency, Collor de Mello defeated the leftist politician Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 1989 to become Brazil’s first popularly elected president in nearly 30 years. Candidato à Presidência da República pelo PRN, Collor se apresenta como um político inovador, contrário ao desvirtuamento do poder econômico e à corrupção. On August 11, 1992, thousands of students organized by the National Student Union (União Nacional dos Estudantes – UNE), protested on the street against Collor. The Federal Supreme Court threw out the corruption charges against him on a technicality, citing a lack of evidence linking Collor to Farias' influence-peddling scheme.  Some members of Collor's government were also part of the later Cardoso administration in different or similar functions: Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira, a minister in the previous Sarney and the following Fernando Henrique Cardoso administrations, stated that "Collor changed the political agenda in the country, because he implemented brave and very necessary reforms, and he pursued fiscal adjustments. Collor was found guilty by the Senate and disqualified from holding elected office for eight years (1992–2000). HACKED SEU SITE FOI COLLORIDO We are: V1b3w, Phys1c, xTeSg_. After the vote, the Senate issued a formal written opinion summarizing the conclusions and orders resulting from the judgement, as required by Brazilian law. In May 1992, Fernando Collor's brother Pedro Collor accused him of condoning an influence peddling scheme run by his campaign treasurer, Paulo César Farias. IPA: [feʁ. After his acquittal in the criminal trial, Collor again attempted to void the suspension of his political rights imposed by the Senate, without success, as the Supreme Court ruled that the judicial trial of the ordinary criminal charges and the political trial of the charges of impeachment were independent spheres. In hopes of staving this off, Collor resigned on December 29, 1992 on the last day of the proceedings. Foi prefeito de Maceió de 1979 a 1982, deputado federal de 1982 a 1986, governador de Alagoas de 1987 a 1989 e o 32º presidente do Brasil, de 1990 a 1992. However, after the inauguration of Franco, the Senate resumed sitting as a court of impeachment with the president of the Supreme Court presiding. Although other attempts had been made since 1987, it was during Collor's administration that old statist ideas were confronted and combated (...) by a brave agenda of economic reforms geared towards free trade and privatization. He became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40. , Under Zélia's tenure as Brazil's Minister of Finances, the country had a period of major changes, featuring what ISTOÉ magazine called an "unprecedented revolution" in many levels of public administration: "privatization, opening its market to free trade, encouraging industrial modernization, temporary control of the hyper-inflation and public debt reduction.". The Senate found that, since the trial had already begun, the defendant could not use his right to resign the presidency as a means to avoid a ruling. In 2002 he ran unsuccessfully for the governorship of Alagoas.  However, Collor was found not guilty. Seu avô, Lindolfo Collor, foi um dos líderes da Revolução de 1930 e, após romper com Getúlio Vargas, participou da Revolução Constitucionalista de 1932.Já o pai de Fernando foi governador e senador por Alagoas, falecendo durante o exercício deste cargo. References In 2016 Collor abandoned PTB and joined the Christian Labour Party (PTC), a small Christian democratic party which had no representatives in the Congress at the time. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, pron. In 1978 he became president of his father’s media enterprises. He became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40.  Collor's administration privatized 15 different companies (including Acesita), and began the process of privatizing several others, such as Embraer, Telebrás and Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Portugese uitspraak: [feʁˈnɐ̃du aˈfõsu ˈkɔloʁ dʒi ˈmɛlu]; gebore 12 Augustus 1949) is 'n Brasiliaanse politikus wat van 1990 tot 1992 die 32ste president van Brasilië gedien het, toe hy bedank het in 'n mislukte poging om sy vervolging deur die Brasiliaanse senaat te stop. A key piece of evidence, Paulo César Farias' personal computer, was ruled inadmissible as it had been obtained during an illegal police search conducted without a search warrant. Moreira's plan tried to correct some aspects of the first plan, but it was too late. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He also proposed freezes in wages and prices, as well as major cuts in government spending. The act is recognized as an attempt to sabotage Lula's chances of victory by associating the kidnapping with the left wing. In 2015 it was announced that Collor de Mello was among numerous politicians being investigated for possible involvement in the Petrobras scandal, which centred on a kickback scheme at Brazil’s huge majority-state-owned oil company. His candidacy was declared invalid by the electoral authorities, as his political rights were still suspended by the filing deadline. Fernando Collor de Mello photo: Ubirajara Dettimar/Abr, license cc-by-3.0. On September 30, 1992, the accusation was formally sent from the Chamber of Deputies to the Senate, and proceedings for impeachment began in the upper house. Later, in the early hours of December 30, 1992, by the required two-thirds majority, the Senate found the former president guilty of the charges of impeachment.  The failure of Zélia and Plano Collor I led to their substitution by Marcílio Marques Moreira and his Plano Collor II. , For several years after his removal from office, Collor maintained a website which has since been taken offline. 3. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello GCTE • ColIC (Rio de Janeiro, 12 de agosto de 1949), mais conhecido como Fernando Collor, é um político brasileiro. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Fernando-Collor-de-Mello, Archontology.org - Biography of Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, Fernando Collor de Mello - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). At the time, Brazilian law barred any party from addressing the media on the days prior to election day. ", In 2000, Collor joined the Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (PRTB) and ran for mayor of São Paulo. Within a few months, however, inflation resumed, eventually reaching rates of 10 percent a month. In August 2017, Collor was accused by the Brazil's Supreme Federal Court of receiving around US$9 million in bribes between 2010 and 2014 from Petrobras subsidiary BR Distributor. Il est président de la République de 1990 à 1992. Toasts at the State Dinner for President Fernando Collor de Mello of Brazil June 18, 1991 President Bush. The attorneys arguing for Collor's removal, however, argued that the trial should continue, to determine whether or not the defendant should face the constitutional penalty of suspension of political rights for eight years. He became President of Brazil 3/15/1990 on … 32nd President of Brazil In office March 15, 1990 – December 29, 1992 Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Biography. Fernando Collor ⏳ Fui o presidente da redemocratização do #Brasil, eleito em 1989 pelo voto do povo, e estou cumprindo o 2º mandato de senador por #Alagoas. The Senate formed a committee to examine the case file and determine whether all legal formalities had been followed. On September 24, 1992, the committee voted (32 votes in favour, one vote against, one abstention) to approve the impeachment petition and recommend that the full Chamber of Deputies accept the charges of impeachment. Incerteza da Economia v On August 26, 1992, the final congressional inquiry was approved 16–5. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Portuguese pronunciation: [feʁˈnɐ̃du aˈfõsu ˈkɔloʁ dʒi ˈmɛlu]; born August 12, 1949) is a Brazilian politician who served as the 32nd President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment trial by the Brazilian Senate. Of the 81 members of the Senate, 79 took part in the final vote: 76 Senators voted to convict the former president, and 3 voted to acquit. He was elected a Senator of the republic in the 2006 general elections and began his term in February 2007. 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