From Tanjong Sambar through the West coast of Borneo to Tanjong Sampanmangio, the North point, thence a line to West points of Balabac and Secam Reefs, on to the West point of Bancalan Island and to Cape Buliluyan, the Southwest point of Palawan, through this island to Cabuli Point, the Northern point thereof, thence to the Northwest point of Busuanga and to Cape Calavite in the island of Mindoro, to the Northwest point of Lubang Island and to Point Fuego (14°08'N) in Luzon Island, through this island to Cape Engano, the Northeast point of Luzon, along a line joining this cape with the East point of Balintang Island (20°N) and to the East point of Y'Ami Island (21°05'N) thence to Garan Bi, the Southern point of Taiwan (Formosa), through this island to Santyo (25°N) its North Eastern Point. Republic of China 1：Taiping 2：Zhongzhou  Attacks have also come from Filipino and Moro pirates arriving from the Sulu Sea; a Vietnamese fisherman was killed by Filipino pirates in late 2015. 'distended sea').  Also in December 2018, Chinese commentator and Senior Colonel in the People's Liberation Army Air Force, Dai Xu suggested that China's navy should ram United States Navy ships sailing in the South China Sea.. ", Laos has supported China by refusing to accept the Permanent Court of Arbitration ruling on China's sovereignty claims in the South China Sea. , Legend： Security Minister Luhut Panjaitan said it was meant to send a "clear message" that Indonesia was "very serious in its effort to protect its sovereignty". Such disputes have been regarded as Asia's most potentially dangerous point of conflict. , In 2012, the United States State Department press statement identified the PRC as an assertive state in the region and communicated the United States worries about the developments in the area. 華林甫 (Hua Linfu), 2006. The three island airports of Meiji Reef, Zhubi Reef, and Yongshu Reef have been completed.  The tribunal also criticized China's land reclamation projects and its construction of artificial islands in the Spratly Islands, saying that it had caused "severe harm to the coral reef environment". With an area of 8,866 square kilometres (3,423 sq mi), it is one of the largest submerged atoll structures in the world. This came at a time when both countries had been engaging in naval exercises in a show of force to the opposing side, which increased tensions in the region. Indonesia still has the Chinese crew in custody. The incident left seventeen Vietnamese[clarification needed] injured and damaged ships of both countries. Vietnam 21：Southwest Cay 22：Sand Cay 23：Namyit Island 24：Sin Cowe Island 25：Spratly Island 26：Amboyna Cay 27：Grierson Reef [zh] 28：Central London Reef [zh] 29：Pearson Reef [zh] 30：Barque Canada Reef [zh] 31：West London Reef [zh] 32：Ladd Reef 33：Discovery Great Reef [zh] 34：Pigeon Reef [zh] 35：East London Reef [zh] 36：Alison Reef [zh] 37：Cornwallis South Reef 38：Petley Reef [zh] 39：South Reef [zh] 40：Collins Reef 41：Lansdwone Reef [zh] 42：Bombay Castle 43：Prince of Wales Bank [zh] 44：Vanguard Bank [zh] 45：Prince Consort Bank [zh] 46：Grainger Bank [zh] 47：Alexandra Bank [zh] 48：Grainger Bank [zh] 49：Alexandra Bank [zh] , In 1974, when a North Vietnamese victory in the Vietnam War began to seem probable, the PRC used military force in the Paracel Islands and took Yagong Island and the Crescent group of reefs from South Vietnam.  During World War II, the Empire of Japan used the islands in the South China Sea region for various military purposes and asserted that the islands were not claimed by anyone when the Imperial Japanese Navy took control of them. The sinking of a Vietnamese fishing boat by a Chinese surveillance vessel earlier this month brought into the spotlight Beijing's multi-year assertions in the South China Sea, in …  Mischief Reef marked the first time when the PRC had a military confrontation with the Philippines, an ally of the United States. The construction of the islands has been completed. It communicates with the East China Sea via the Taiwan Strait, the Philippine Sea via the Luzon Strait, the Sulu Sea via the straits around Palawan (e.g. This is true particularly in the Gulf of Thailand. ", "Asserting sovereignty, Indonesia renames part of South China Sea", "IHO PUBLICATION S-23, Limits of Oceans and Seas, Draft 4th Edition, 1986", "U.S. report details rich resources in South China Sea. , On 20 July 2011, the PRC, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam agreed a set of preliminary guidelines on the implementation of the DOC (Declaration of Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea) which would help resolve disputes.  Her comments were countered by China's Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi as "in effect an attack on China," who warned the United States against making the South China Sea an international issue or multilateral issue. However, in a revised edition of Limits of Oceans and Seas, 4th edition (1986), the International Hydrographic Organization officially recognized the Natuna Sea. , Following the Permanent Court of Arbitration ruling on 12 July 2016, Indonesia called on all parties involved in the territorial dispute to exercise self-restraint and to respect applicable international laws. The South China Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean. Click a map below to explore information on Asia’s maritime claims, disputed reefs and islets, and more. About South China Sea: The Facts: Area: 1,400,000 sq mi (3,500,000 … In 1994, the PRC occupied Mischief Reef, located some 250 miles from the Philippine coast.  The United States officially addressed the South China Sea dispute for the first time in 1995, when its statement focused on the peaceful resolution of disputes, peace and stability, freedom of navigation, neutrality over the question of sovereignty and respect of maritime norms. We hope that the relevant countries respect China's position and refrain from taking unilateral action to complicate and expand the issue. This is one dash more than the map that was drawn up by the Kuomintang government in the 1940s and that is often cited by Chinese officials …  In response, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Jiang Yu issued a protest. Maps will make it easier for us to go to a place that we have never even been there. , China announced in May 2017 a breakthrough for mining methane clathrates, when they extracted methane from hydrates in the South China Sea. Indonesia quickly dismissed China's claim, asserting that China's nine-dash line claim over parts of the Natuna islands has no legal basis. ", "How Do You Say 'Drill, Baby, Drill' in Chinese? Only 1 Time Zone in China. On the East. Occupation was made in the middle of an energy resources race in the Spratlys, where China lacked a presence while the other countries were starting their oil exploration businesses. We need to be ready for that, as it may be the only way for the disputes in the sea to be resolved. , The Geneva Accords of 1954, which ended the First Indochina War, gave South Vietnam control of the Vietnamese territories south of the 17th Parallel, which included the islands in the Paracels and Spratlys. Maritime boundary along the Vietnamese coast between the PRC, Taiwan, and Vietnam. 'Southern Sea'), claiming that barbarians from that sea gave tributes of hawksbill sea turtles to the Zhou rulers.  Fei Hai (Chinese: 沸海; pinyin: Fèi Hǎi; lit.  A letter from the Chinese ambassador asserted that some foreign media, the Philippines and the arbitral tribunal are Bangkok was viewed as an South China Sea neutral player because it is not a claimant and did not have disputes in the South China Sea with China.  Offshore exploration activities in 2011 increased Vietnam's proven oil reserves to be the third largest in the Asia-Pacific region. Close-up of Mao Zedong on a 1 yuan Chinese banknote on top of a map showing the South China Sea The relative shear between Indochina and China caused the South China Sea to open. The 1995 policy was changed in 2010, when the administration of the President Obama felt that even though the United States cannot take sides in the dispute, it still has to make a statement that it is not passively accepting the assertive actions taken in the region. Philippines 1：Flat Island 2：Lankiam Cay 3：Loaita Cay 4：Loaita Island 5：Nanshan Island 6：Northeast Cay 7：Thitu Island 8：West York Island 9：Commodore Reef 10：Irving Reef 11：Second Thomas Reef ", DFA confirms arrest of 200 Filipino fishermen, Vietnam 'Deeply Concerned' by Indonesia's War on Illegal Fishing, Jakarta sinks three Vietnamese fishing boats caught in its territorial waters, Indonesia sinks 34 of its neighbors' boats to celebrate Independence Day, and Vietnam isn't happy, Indonesia sinks Vietnamese boats to stop illegal fishing, Indonesia sinks 27 foreign boats to stop illegal fishing, Indonesia Could Sink 57 More Vessels in War on Illegal Fishing, "China claims breakthrough in 'flammable ice, "China Taps Lode of 'Fire Ice' in South China Sea", "Direct bilateral dialogue 'best way to solve disputes, Resolving S.China Sea disputes pivotal to stability: Clinton, "Vietnam Enlists Allies to Stave Off China's Reach", "China's Assertive Foreign Policy in South China Sea Under XI Jinping: Its Impact on United States and Australian Foreign Policy", "India-China face-off in South China Sea: Report", "How India is Impacted by China's Assertiveness in the S. China Sea", "China paper warns India off Vietnam oil deal", "China warns India on South China Sea exploration projects", Taiwan sticks to its guns, to U.S. chagrin, "Taiwan reiterates Paracel Islands sovereignty claim", Photo: Taiwan military exercises with Vietnam as an imaginary enemy generals admit Taiping Island, Vietnam's angry at Taiwan as it stages live-fire drill in the Spratlys, Vietnam Demands Taiwan Cancel Spratly Island Live Fire, Taiwan unmoved by Vietnam's protest against Taiping drill, "Vietnam Says China Still Ramming Boats, Airs Sinking Video", "China sets the stage for a 'bloody nose' attack on US aircraft carriers, but it would backfire horribly", "China should think twice before threatening to attack Americans", "Forty Years After U.S. Chinese banknote and map South China Sea.  On September 17, 2020, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom issued a joint note verbale recognizing the PCA ruling and challenging China's claims..  On 22 September 2020, in UN Speech, the Philippine President, Rodrigo Duterte reaffirmed the Hague ruling rejecting most of China's claims to disputed waters, and said “The award is now part of international law, beyond compromise and beyond the reach of passing governments to dilute, diminish, or abandon.” , The area is said to be rich in oil and natural gas deposits; however, the estimates are highly varied. The installations “allow China to control the entirety of the South China Sea in any scenario short of all-out war with the United States,” The Economist explained. , Singapore has reiterated that it is not a claimant state in the South China Sea dispute and has offered to play a neutral role in being a constructive conduit for dialogue among the claimant states. , In 1999, Taiwan claimed the entirety of the South China Sea islands under the Lee Teng-hui administration. The US therefore did not claim these islands to be the US territory when in 1938 Japan declared them to be Japanese territory and incorporated them as connected to Taiwan under the name of ‘Shinnan Gunto’. China's stand is based on historical facts and international law. The South China Sea Islands, collectively comprising several archipelago clusters of mostly small uninhabited islands, islets (cays and shoals), reefs/atolls and seamounts numbering in the hundreds, are subject to competing claims of sovereignty by several countries.  During the US Chief of Naval Operations' visit to China in early 2019, he and his Chinese counterpart worked out rules of engagement, whenever American warships and Chinese warships met up on the high seas.  In 1976, gas was discovered following the drilling of a well. This geography lesson notwithstanding, Chinese maps gave scant attention to the South China Sea. A recent visit to the area by President Joko Widodo displayed Indonesia's resolve to not overlook such incursions. A Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) sposperson said that the sea to the east of the Philippines will continue to be called the Philippine Sea. Thailand's first attempt was hosting the ASEAN–China Senior Officials' Meeting Retreat in Pattaya, Thailand 2012. Maritime boundary in the waters north of the, Maritime boundary, land territory, and the islands of, Zhang.  Indonesia insists that they have the right to prosecute the Chinese trawler crew, despite Beijing's demand to release their eight fishermen.  Huge oil and natural gas reserves are believed to lie beneath its seabed.  Some of the early drafts acknowledged aspects such as "marine environmental protection, scientific research, safety of navigation and communication, search and rescue and combating transnational crime", although the issue of oil and natural gas drilling remains unresolved. This occurred during a visit by Duterte to Beijing, with discussions between the two leaders. , In October 2011, the PRC's Global Times tabloid, published by the Communist Party People's Daily group, editorialised on South China Sea territorial disputes under the banner "Don't take peaceful approach for granted". A brief conflict in 1974 resulted in 18 Chinese and 53 Vietnamese deaths, and China has controlled the whole of Paracel since then. Major rivers that flow into the South China Sea include the Pearl, Min, Jiulong, Red, Mekong, Rajang, Pahang, Agno, Pampanga, and Pasig Rivers. Malaysia 50：Swallow Reef 51：Ardasier Reef 52：Dallas Reef 53：Erica Reef 54：Investigator Shoal 55：Mariveles Reef  Claimant states are interested in retaining or acquiring the rights to fishing stocks, the exploration and potential exploitation of crude oil and natural gas in the seabed of various parts of the South China Sea, and the strategic control of important shipping lanes.  Nan Hai, the South Sea, was one of the Four Seas of Chinese literature. The Indian Navy further clarified that "[t]here was no confrontation involving the INS Airavat. After the war, Imperial Japan had to relinquish control of the islands in the South Chin…  On 2 May 2014 the platform was moved near to the Paracel Islands, a move Vietnam stated violated their territorial claims. The map, compiled by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, depicts the ranges of Chinese weapons and radar deployed on various small islands and reefs in the South China Sea… South China Sea physical map. China responded by demanding the US keep out of the issue. 113-137), House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, Second Session, Hearing held January 14, 2014, ASEAN and the South China Sea: Deepening Divisions, Energy Information Administration - The South China Sea, Tropical Research and Conservation Centre - The South China Sea, Reversing Environmental Degradation Trends in the South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand, UNEP/GEF South China Sea Knowledge Documents, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_China_Sea&oldid=998550175, Territorial disputes of the Republic of China, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles containing Tagalog-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles with failed verification from November 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3,500,000 square kilometres (1,400,000 sq mi), Indonesia, China, and Taiwan over waters NE of the, Vietnam, China, and Taiwan over waters west of the, Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam over areas in the. Weather; Sea Marks; Harbours; Tidal Scale; Sport , Prior to the dispute, fishermen from involved countries tended to enter each other's controlled islands and Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) leading to conflicts with the authorities that controlled the areas as they were unaware of the exact borders. 524: A resolution reaffirming the strong support of the United States for the 2002 declaration of conduct of parties …", "China asserts control over vast sea area, angering neighbors, U.S", "U.S. admiral assures Philippines of help in disputed sea", "Beijing slams US Navy official for 'aiding Philippines' remarks", "Dragon Breathes Fire Over S. China Sea, Worries US", "US freedom of navigation operations challenge China's maritime security", "U.S. military challenged maritime claims of 19 countries in 2014", "US Freedom of Navigation Patrols in the South China Sea: China Reacts", Defense secretary’s warning to China: U.S. military won’t change operations, "After Months of Waiting, US Finally Begins Freedom of Navigation Patrols Near China's Man-Made Islands", "Angry China shadows U.S. warship near man-made islands", "US B-52 bombers flew near disputed islands in South China Sea, says Pentagon", "South China Sea: 2 US Navy Destroyers Conduct Freedom of Navigation Operation in Spratlys", "Jim Mattis' 'dynamic force employment' concept just got real for the US Navy", "US sends B-52 bombers over South China Sea for second time in a week", "US challenges China in South China Sea.
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