king harald norway

Harald ruled as king of Denmark from c. 958 – c. 986. In Viking era Norway and Scandinavia, literacy was largely nonexistent, outside runic inscriptions. Had Harold not been so confident after his victory over the Norwegian army he might not have marched his army without rest to Hastings. Although Harald himself objected to bringing the body of Magnus back to Norway, the Norwegian army prepared to transport his body to Nidaros (now Trondheim), where they buried him next to Saint Olaf in late 1047. Crown Prince Haakon served as the country's regent on these occasions, including giving the King's Speech at the State opening of parliament in 2020. Sweyn had also prepared for the battle, which had been preassigned a time and place. He serves as the protagonist in two children's books by Henry Treece, The Last of the Vikings/The Last Viking (1964) and Swords from the North/The Northern Brothers (1967). King Harald and Queen Sonja of Norway at Kalmarunion's 600th Anniversary Kalmar Union, Union, King Family, King, Carl XVI Gustaf, Carl Gustaf, Queen, Silvia, Monarchy. Using harsh measures, Harald burned down farms and small villages, and had people maimed and killed. [22] In 2016, King Harald V competed with a team for the sailing World Championships on Lake Ontario, Toronto. Although Harald was victorious in most of the engagements, he was never successful in occupying Denmark. King Harold, basking in the glow of victory, marched his army south to meet the challenge of the other invader, William of Normandy. [121], Early on 25 September, Harald and Tostig departed their landing place at Riccall with most of their forces, but left a third of their forces behind. [149], The alternative history book Crusader Gold (2007) by marine archeologist David Gibbins features Harald as a key figure, as it follows him in acquiring the lost Menorah among his treasures during his service in the Byzantine Varangian Guard. Hailing from the Yngling clan, descending from King Ingjald of Svealand and Olof the Woodcarver, Harald was born in a place called Tamdrup. [98] According to the later sagas, Harald founded Oslo, where he spent much time. Unlike some monarchs, Harald does not have the power to dissolve Parliament; the Constitution does not allow snap elections. Although the Flateyjarbók maintains that Harald at first sought to keep his royal identity a secret, most sources agree that Harald and his men's reputation was well known in the east at the time. [75], Harald also wanted to re-establish Magnus's rule over Denmark,[14] and in the long term probably sought to restore Cnut the Great's "North Sea Empire" in its entirety. [71][72], In 1047, Magnus and Harald went to Denmark with their leidang forces. His acts are not valid without the countersignature of a member of the Council of State (cabinet)–usually the Prime Minister–and proceedings of the Council of State are signed by all of its members. While the family had maintained good relations with Magnus, Harald's absolutism and consolidation of the kingship soon led to conflict with Einar. The new venue was named The Queen Sonja Art Stable and is the first institution owned by the royal family which is permanently open to the public. On 17 August the Crown Princess and her children left for the United States from Petsamo, Finland, aboard the United States Army transport ship American Legion.[3]. Harald Sigurdsson, also known as Harald of Norway ( Old Norse: Haraldr Sigurðarson; c. 1015 – 25 September 1066) and given the epithet Hardrada ( Old Norse: harðráði, modern Norwegian: Hardråde, roughly translated as "stern counsel" or "hard ruler") in the sagas, was King of Norway (as Harald III) from 1046 to 1066. One of the greatest of the 9th-century Scandinavian warrior chiefs, he gained effective control of Norway’s western coastal districts but probably had only nominal authority in the other parts of Norway. [52] The sagas note that aside from the significant spoils of battle he had retained, he had participated three times in polutasvarf (loosely translated as "palace-plunder"),[53] a term which implies either the pillaging of the palace exchequer on the death of the emperor, or perhaps the disbursement of funds to the Varangians by the new emperor in order to ensure their loyalty. The shocking news that the king had died came late in the evening of January 17, 1991. Eystein picked up Harald's fallen banner, the "Landwaster" (Landøyðan), and initiated a final counter-attack. [130], Harald is described by Snorri Sturluson to have been physically "larger than other men and stronger". [53] When he arrived in Sweden, according to the skald Tjodolv Arnorsson, his ship was unbalanced by its heavy load of gold. He was clearly interested in advancing Christianity in Norway, which can be seen by the continued building and improvement of churches throughout his reign. [79] One of two conventional battles was set to be fought between the two kings later the same year, but according to Saxo Grammaticus, Sweyn's smaller army was so frightened when approached by the Norwegians that they chose to jump in the water trying to escape; most drowned. The Danish king Harald Bluetooth had himself hailed as king of Norway after the Battle of Fitjar (c. 961). The Queen and Prince Philip recently had the jab. Harald V (born February 21, 1937) is the King of Norway.Harald was the third child and only son of King Olav V and Princess Märtha of Sweden. To establish domestic alliances, he married Tora Torbergsdatter of one of the most powerful Norwegian families. On Sunday 17 January 2021, it was 30 years since the start of the reign of Their Majesties King Harald and Queen Sonja of Norway following the death of His Majesty King Olav V. The Royal Family takes great pleasure in sports and outdoor recreational activities. [65], Having heard of Sweyn's defeat by Magnus, Harald met up with his fellow exile in Sweden (who was also his nephew), as well as with the Swedish king Anund Jacob,[14] and the three joined forces against Magnus. Although Zoe refused to allow this, Harald managed to escape into the Bosphorus with two ships and some loyal followers. [97], Harald's reign was marked by his background as a military commander, as he often solved disputes with harsh force. [104], After Magnus died in 1047, Harald took over his claim; however, Edward kept potential enemies happy by hinting they might succeed him; in addition to Harald, these included Sweyn, and William, Duke of Normandy. [19], After the defeat at the Battle of Stiklestad, Harald managed to escape with the aid of Rögnvald Brusason (later Earl of Orkney) to a remote farm in Eastern Norway. This is in accordance not only with provisions of the Constitution, but with conventions established since the definitive establishment of parliamentary rule in Norway in 1884. [14], Following a revolt in 1028, Harald's brother Olaf was forced into exile until he returned to Norway in early 1030. [13] Through his mother Åsta, Harald was the youngest of King Olaf II of Norway / Olaf Haraldsson's (later Saint Olaf) three half-brothers. He finally left the Byzantines in 1042, and arrived back in Kievan Rus' in order to prepare his campaign of reclaiming the Norwegian throne. Harald was the third child and only son of King Olav V and Princess Märtha of Sweden. However, since Northern England was the most suitable landing place for a Norwegian invasion, he was more valuable to Harald. On January 17, it will be 30 years since King Olav died and King Harald took over the position as Norway’s head of state. Such childhood experiences are reflected in a trace of an American accent when he speaks English. The Royal House of Norway belongs to the House of Glücksburg.The members of the Norwegian Royal House are Their Majesties King Harald and Queen Sonja and Their Royal Highnesses Crown Prince Haakon, Crown Princess Mette-Marit and Princess Ingrid Alexandra. During Haakon VII's reign, his wife Queen Maud of Wales died in 1938 and his son Olav V was then crown prince when his wife Princess … [80], The second, more significant battle, a naval encounter, was the Battle of Niså on 9 August 1062. [147], Harald appears in a number of historical fiction books. When he was fifteen years old, in 1030, Harald fought in the Battle of Stiklestad together with his half-brother Olaf Haraldsson (later Saint Olaf). January 1991, Army National Service Medal with three stars, Order of the Liberator General San Martín, Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary, Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Christian I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, Alexander, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, "Those Apprentice Kings and Queens Who May – One Day – Ascend a Throne,", "The Consecration of King Harald and Queen Sonja", "– Å si at vi ikke er åpne, er rett og slett feil", "Stanghelle: "Kong Harald står frem som mannen som forstår sin egen tid, "Kongehusekspert Kjell Arne Totland skriver: Gi kongeparet et permanent slottsmuseum", Sandefjords Blad on the King's performance in the World Championship, https://www.nrk.no/norge/fra-tirsdag-er-ikke-kongen-lenger-hellig-1.14039929, "King Harald of Norway Proves Mettle With Response to July 22 Deaths", "Kongen om terrorangrepet: - Våre tanker går til ofrene", "King Harald of Norway in Canada to participate in sailing World Championships – Royal Central", "Norway's sailor king: Why Harald V has been sleeping on a yacht moored on Toronto's waterfront", "Kongebiograf: Kong Harald blir mer populær jo eldre han blir", https://www.royalcourt.no/fotoalbum.html?tid=186253&sek=28410&kategori=112482, "King of Norway awarded Honorary Freedom of Newcastle", "Heriot-Watt University Edinburgh: Honorary Graduates", https://www.plu.edu/president/wp-content/uploads/sites/39/2019/09/honorary-doctorate-history-09-18-19.pdf, Official website of the Norwegian Royal Family, Official website of the Norwegian Royal Family: biography of the King, The Royal Norwegian Order of St Olav – H.M. 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Harald's contribution to the strengthening of Norway's monarchy was the enforcement of a policy that only the king could retain a hird, thus centralising power away from local warlords. It was the king and queen’s first official visit to the Middle East. In 1940 the entire royal family had to flee Oslo because of the German invasion. Harald V swore the Royal Oath in the. He travels extensively throughout Norway and makes official state visits to other countries, as well as receiving and hosting guests. [117] They then entered Cleveland,[118] and started plundering the coast. Prince Harald returned to Norway with his family at the war's end in 1945. Harald spent part of his childhood in Sweden and the United States. When the dismissed ships were out of reach, Sweyn's fleet finally appeared, possibly also with 300 ships. [28][29] During the first four years of the reign of Byzantine Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian, Harald probably also fought in campaigns against the Pechenegs. [36] Harald fought with the Catepan of Italy, Michael Dokeianos with initial success, but the Normans, led by their former ally William Iron Arm, defeated the Byzantines in the Battle of Olivento in March,[37] and in the Battle of Montemaggiore in May. The couple had two children, Märtha Louise and Haakon. Before becoming king, Harald had spent around fifteen years in exile as a mercenary and military commander in Kievan Rus' and of the Varangian Guard in the Byzantine Empire. About a hundred years after his burial, his body was reinterred at the Helgeseter Priory, which was demolished in the 17th century. Harald's rule as king of Norway following the assassination of King Harald Greycloak of Norway was more tenuous, most likely lasting for no more than a few years in the 970s. When Norway shut down in March, King Harald was quarantined after a state visit to Jordan. The present monarch is King Harald V, who has reigned since 17 January 1991, succeeding his father, Olav V… He eventually set out from Norway with a great army and a fleet of around 300 ships. Crown Prince Haakon of Norway Becomes Regent After King Harald Falls Sick King Harald has a viral infection and hopes to be back on his feet soon, the Crown Prince told Norwegian broadcaster NRK [128][129] Although sources state that Harald's remaining army only filled 20–25 ships on the return to Norway, it is likely that this number only accounts for the Norwegian forces. Harald went along and invaded Northern England with 10,000 troops and 300 longships in September 1066, raided the coast and defeated English regional forces of Northumbria and Mercia in the Battle of Fulford near York. Their first military exploit consisted of raiding the Danish coast, in an effort to impress the natives by demonstrating that Magnus offered them no protection, and thus leading them to submit to Harald and Sweyn. In H.P. Harald is an honorary president of the International Soling Association. In response, Harald entered Sweden with an army and quickly defeated Haakon. Getting rejected for not being important enough, Harald decided to make himself king of all of Norway to get her affection. In the 2007 World Championship the King came in sixth place.[16]. [7][8][6], Sverrir Jakobsson has suggested that 'fairhair' 'might be the name by which King Harald wished himself to be known. While some of the Varangians helped guard the emperor, Harald became the leader of the Varangians who supported the revolt. He succeeded to the throne of Norway upon the death of his father Olav V on 17 January 1991. A royal veto can be overridden if the Storting passes the same bill following a general election. At Dunfermline, he met Tostig's ally, Malcolm III of Scotland, who gave him around 2,000 Scottish soldiers. The Royal Family. [114] Tostig had only 12 ships, his connections being far more significant. Harald) is said to have won the favour of the emperor. After further raiding, Harald and Tostig sailed down the Humber, disembarking at Riccall. [154], In Paradox Interactive's 2012 grand strategy video game Crusader Kings II, Harald is playable as King of Norway in the two 1066 "High Middle Ages" bookmarks. Although the remaining descendants of Haakon Sigurdsson considered rebellion against the king, Harald eventually managed to negotiate peace with them, and secured the family's submission for the remainder of his reign. By this time, he had according to Snorri Sturluson become the "leader over all the Varangians". It only came to these lands with Christianity, and that means that there are few written sources from the early periods, other than the sagas - written centuries later. Harald's reign was probably one of relative peace and stability, and he instituted a viable coin economy and foreign trade. Norway’s 83-year-old King Harald V was admitted to the main hospital in Oslo Thursday, Oct. 8, 2020 to undergo an operation to replace a heart valve, the palace said. Lovecraft's novella The Call of Cthulhu, one key character "lay in the Old Town of King Harold Haardrada, which kept alive the name of Oslo during all the centuries that the greater city masqueraded as “Christiana”." He also imported bishops, priests and monks from abroad, especially from Kievan Rus' and the Byzantine Empire. In 1960, he also made his first official journey abroad, visiting the United States in connection with the fiftieth anniversary of the American Scandinavian Foundation. [35] In 1041, when the Byzantine expedition to Sicily was over, a Lombard-Norman revolt erupted in southern Italy, and Harald led the Varangian Guard in multiple battles. Harald, the first Norwegian king to be born in the country since the Middle Ages, set a precedent with his 1968 marriage to commoner Sonja Haraldsen. Cnut himself had adopted the triquetra from earlier Norse uses, viewing himself as a, Judith Jesch, 'Norse Historical Traditions and Historia Gruffud vab Kenan: Magnus Berfoettr and Haraldr Harfagri', in. Harald introduced Christianity to Denmark and consolidated his rule over most of Jutland and Zealand. [63] Since Cnut the Great's sons had chosen to abandon Norway and instead fight over England, and his sons and successors Harold Harefoot and Harthacnut had died young, Magnus's position as king had been secured. Queen Sonja, 82, and King Harald, 83, of Norway attended a banquet dinner tonight, as they were welcomed to Jordan by King Abdullah II, Queen Rania and Crown Prince Al Hussein bin Abdullah II. In 1048, he plundered Jutland, and in 1049 he pillaged and burned Hedeby, at the time the most important Danish trade center, and one of the best protected and most populous towns in Scandinavia. [3] However, when the King and Crown Prince inquired of Swedish foreign minister Christian Günther whether they could sleep one night in Sweden without being interned, they were denied. With a strong hold over the Uplands, Haakon was additionally given the earldom of Värmland by the Swedish king Stenkil. Harthacnut himself preferred his brother, Edward the Confessor, who became king with the backing of Earl Godwin, father of Harold Godwinson. In 1994, both the King and Crown Prince Haakon played roles during the opening ceremony of the Lillehammer Olympics. [10], The reign of King Harald has been marked by modernization and reform for the Norwegian Royal family. [151], In film, Harald was portrayed by Richard Long in the first episode of the BBC series Historyonics (2004), titled "1066", which explores the background of the Battle of Hastings. Most of the forces from Scotland and Orkney probably remained at Riccall throughout the battle (the earls Paul and Erlend Thorfinnsson are certainly known to have been stationed there the entire time), and has not been counted in the traditional figure. Harald, who is 83, was taken to the National Hospital in … Sweyn, did not appear at the agreed time, and Harald thus sent home his non-professional soldiers (bóndaherrin), which had made up half of his forces. Although the sources differ on the circumstances, the next event nonetheless led to the murder of Einar by Harald's men, which threatened to throw Norway into a state of civil war. Although the campaigns were successful, he was never able to conquer Denmark. The King’s address … Harald is also said to have explored the seas beyond his kingdom, as the contemporary Adam of Bremen reports of such naval expeditions conducted by Harald:[102]. He attended The White Hall Country School from 1943. King Harald is closely related to other European monarchs. [4] While Judith Jesch has argued for 'severe' as the best translation,[5] Alison Finlay and Anthony Faulkes prefer 'resolute'. [24] He was dubbed "Sailor-King" by Canada's National Post as he slept on board his yacht "Sira". The battle resulted in defeat for the brothers at the hands of those Norwegians who were loyal to Cnut, and Olaf was killed while Harald was badly wounded. [24] Harald took part in Yaroslav's campaign against the Poles in 1031, and possibly also fought against other 1030s Kievan enemies and rivals such as the Chudes in Estonia, the Byzantines, as well as the Pechenegs and other steppe nomad people. Harald was struck in the throat by an arrow and killed early in the battle in a state of berserkergang, having worn no body armour and fought aggressively with both hands around his sword. Harald and his mother and sisters lived in Washington, D.C. during the war,[5] while his father, Crown Prince Olav, and his grandfather, King Haakon, stayed in London with the Norwegian government-in-exile. [113], Although possible he also met Tostig there, most sources suggest they linked up at Tynemouth, on 8 September, Harald bringing around 10–15,000 men, on 240–300 longships. Just before the country closed down on March 12, the royal couple returned home from Jordan. DeVries suggests that the new emperor may have feared Harald because of his loyalty to the previous emperor. Modern historians have taken this as a sign that, despite his absolutism, his reign was one of peace and progress for Norway. King Harald has sent his congratulations to Joe Biden, who was sworn in as the 46th President of the United States on Wednesday. The sagas mention that Harald was fifteen years old at the time of the Battle of Stiklestad (1030). Harald V, (born February 21, 1937, Skaugum, Norway), king of Norway from 1991, succeeding his father, Olav V. Harald was the youngest of three children born to Olav and Crown Princess Märtha. [22] Harald's brother Olaf Haraldsson had previously been in exile to Yaroslav following the revolt in 1028,[23] and Morkinskinna says that Yaroslav embraced Harald first and foremost because he was the brother of Olaf. Amidst this when he was only 17 years old in 1954, his mother died of cancer. Although they for a moment appeared to almost breach the English line, Eystein was suddenly killed, which left the rest of the men to flee from the battlefield. From there, he probably scouted the Norwegian fleet, preparing a surprise attack. Despite this, DeVries notes that Harald's "personal morality appears not to have matched the Christian ideal", citing his marriage arrangements. [83] During the battle, Harald actively shot with his bow, like most others in the early phase of the battle. Later that year in Jylland, less than a year into their co-rule, Magnus died without an heir. [145] A month later it was reported that the proposal to exhume the king had been scrapped. [135][136] The sagas state that Harald and his Varangians at least once took a break during the siege of a town to enjoy sports. ), king of Norway (1045–66). [88] Having forced his way to the kingship, Harald would have to convince the aristocracy that he was the right person to rule Norway alone. The surgery will not be an open heart operation, the palace said. Olav only relented when Harald told his father that if he was not allowed to marry Sonja he would not marry at all. Although he nominally has the power of veto, no Norwegian king has exercised it since the dissolution of the union with Sweden in 1905. He thus differed from his two older brothers, who were more similar to their father, down-to-earth and mostly concerned with maintaining the farm. In 1940, as a result of the German occupation during World War II, the royal family went into exile. On the death of his father on 17 January 1991, Harald succeeded automatically to the Norwegian throne. His godparents were: his paternal grandparents King Haakon VII and Queen Maud of Norway; his maternal grandparents Prince Carl and Princess Ingeborg of Sweden; King Leopold III of Belgium; Queen Mary and King George VI of the United Kingdom; and Crown Princess Ingrid of Denmark. H.M. King Harald V of Norway trolling his wife (w/subtitles) The mark ° shows honours mentioned on his official website page about decorations. [124] Once there Harald saw Godwinson's forces approaching, heavily armed and armoured, and greatly outnumbering Harald's. According to Lee M. Hollander, composing poetry was normal for Norwegian kings, but Harald was the only one who "showed a decided talent. Harald amassed considerable wealth during his time in the Byzantine Empire, which he shipped to Yaroslav in Kievan Rus' for safekeeping. Harald V (born 21 February 1937) is the King of Norway. [31] Whether his trip was of a military or peaceful nature would depend on whether it took place before or after the 1036 peace treaty between Michael IV and the Muslim Fatimid Caliph Ma'ad al-Mustansir Billah[31] (in reality the Caliph's mother, originally a Byzantine Christian, since the Caliph was a minor), although it is considered unlikely to have been made before. The prince also made visits outside America, travelling north to visit Norwegian personnel at the training base "Little Norway" in Ontario, Canada. When he was a young man, he fell in love with a princess named Ellisif. Harald V received an honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law from Oxford University in 2006 (as did his father, King Olav, in 1937, and his grandfather, King Haakon, in 1943). [101], Once he had returned to Norway, Harald seems to have displayed an interest in exploring his own realm, as for instance the Morkinskinna recounts Harald's trip into the Uplands. [102] H. H. Lamb has on the other hand proposed that the land he reached may have been either Spitsbergen or Novaya Zemlya. Kelly DeVries has suggested that Harald "may even have known of and sought out the legendary land called Vinland, which Viking sailors had discovered only a short time before", which Adam mentions earlier in the same passage to have been widely reported in Denmark and Norway. [87], According to historian Knut Helle, Harald completed the first phase of what he has termed the "national territorial unification of Norway". His harsh suppression of lesser Norwegian chieftains cost him their military support in his unsuccessful struggle to conquer Denmark (1045–62).. [88], Before the Battle of Niså, Harald had been joined by Haakon Ivarsson, who distinguished himself in the battle and gained Harald's favour. Harald married a commoner, Sonja Haraldsen, at Oslo Domkirke in Oslo on 29 August 1968. On 21 September 1957 at the death of his grandfather, Harald became crown prince at the age of 20 and he attended the Council of State for the first time six days later and took the oath to the Constitution of Norway on 21 February 1958. Harald Fairhair, regarded as the first Norwegian king, united the petty kingships of Norway into a single realm in about 885. [5] This epithet predominates in the later Icelandic saga-tradition.[6]. Harald is in the line of succession to the British throne, because of his descent from King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. In response, he acted with brutality, and had people maimed and killed as a warning to those who disobeyed him. [50] The sources also disagree on how Harald got out of prison, but he may have been helped by someone outside to escape in the midst of the revolt that had begun against the new emperor. [14] It is possible that Harald maintained contacts with Byzantine emperors after he became king, which could suggest a background for his church policies. When he was second in the line of succession at the University of Oslo invasion he... Eventually set out from Norway with his bow, like most others in the video Age... University of Oslo campaigns were successful, he was imprisoned for murder until his on! Raids, he fell in love with a great tradition of t… the Royal couple returned home from Jordan,... 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