The Straits Times, p. 1. (Call no. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.Further resourcesLee, G. B. Singapore: Singapore Tourist Promotion Board, p. 6. 298–304. (1945, September 13). The war against Japan: The surrender of Japan (Vol. Though the U.S. carrier Yorktown was sunk by torpedo on June 6, Midway was saved from invasion. Get amazing deals here when you join this Rediscover WWII : Japanese Surrender Singapore - 75th Anniversary in Singapore! A member of the Japanese delegation signs the document of surrender in Singapore on 12 September 1945. Singapore: Singapore Tourist Promotion Board, p. 6. Mountbatten led an inspection of the officers before proceeding to the chamber where the ceremony was to be held. The bomb destroyed almost all building structures and killed more than 100,000 people.228–9 Aug 1945: Russia delivered a declaration of war on Japan to Japanese Ambassador Sato in Moscow at midnight.239 Aug 1945: At 11.02 am, Japanese time, the second atomic bomb, code-named “Fat Boy”, was dropped on Nagasaki,24 from another American B-29 bomber named Bock’s Car, piloted by Major Charles W. Sweeney. (2005). In addition, MacArthur was assigned the duty of administering the occupation of Japan, which lasted till 1952. Kirby. London: H.M.S.O, p. 271. Five Australian former prisoners of war catch up on news from home after their release from Japanese captivity in Singapore, September 1945. : R q940.5426 WIE-[WAR])23. London: H.M.S.O, p. 220. : R q940.5426 WIE-[WAR])24. The war against Japan: The surrender of Japan (Vol. (1957). 291, 310–321. Operation Tiderace was the codename of the British plan to retake Singapore following the Japanese surrender in 1945. The fall of Singapore in 1942 clearly illustrated the way Japan was to fight in the Far East a combination of speed and savagery that only ended with the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945. Something to raise the Allies’ morale was achieved on April 18, 1942, when 16 U.S. bombers raided Tokyo—though they did little real damage except to the Japanese government’s prestige. (Call no. S. W., et al. Far more important were the consequences of the U.S. intelligence services’ detection of Japanese plans to seize Port Moresby and Tulagi (in the southern Solomons). 23 January 1897, Cuttack, Orissa, India–d. Japan’s entry into war against the western Allies had its repercussions in China. S. W., et al. The British army of 85,000 men was led by Lieutenant General Arthur Percival, while the Japanese regiment of 36,000 men was headed by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita. S. W., et al. A., & Mattson, G. L. (2001). Lieutenant-General Hyotaro Kimura (Burma Area Army), Lieutenant-General Akita Nakamura (18th Area Army), Vice-Admiral Shigeru Fukudome (1st Southern Expeditionary Fleet), Vice-Admiral Shibata (2nd Southern Expeditionary Fleet), Lieutenant-General Tokazo Numata (Chief of Staff to Field-Marshall Count H. Terauchi, Commander-in-Chief, Southern Army), Major-General William Ronald Campbell Penney (Director of Intelligence, South East Asia Command), Brigadier K.S. The war against Japan: The surrender of Japan (Vol. The Syonan years: Singapore under Japanese rule 1942–1945. A brass band leads a procession of the people of Singapore in a celebratory parade to mark the end of Japanese rule. S. W., et al. (Call no. By the end of 1942 all of Burma was in Japanese hands, China was effectively isolated (except by air), and India was exposed to the danger of a Japanese invasion through Burma. 19 February 1908, Fukuoka, Japan–d. London: H.M.S.O, p. 220. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.12. They had initially made a request that they be allowed to sign as "by command of and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan" in accordance with the Japanese constitution, but this request was denied.4MacArthur represented and signed on behalf of the Allied Powers – Admiral C. W. Nimitz for the United States, Admiral B. Fraser for Great Britain, General T. A. Blamey for Australia, Colonel L. M. Cosgrove for Canada, Air Vice-Marshall L. M. Isitt for New Zealand, General Hsu Yung-chang for China, General P. Leclerc for France, Admiral C. E. L. Helfrich for the Netherlands, and Lieutenant-General K. N. Derevyanko for Russia.5In addition, MacArthur was assigned the duty of administering the occupation of Japan, which lasted till 1952. Three Chinese armies were rushed to the Burmese frontier, since the Burma Road was the only land route whereby the western Allies could send supplies to the Nationalist Chinese government. At the Municipal Building, Mountbatten was received by his Commanders-in Chief and high-ranking Allied Officers based in Singapore. The Former Ford Factory, located at 351 Upper Bukit Timah Road, was the site where British forces officially surrendered ... Selarang Barracks was built between 1936 and 1938 to house an infantry battalion. The Surrender of Singapore – September 1945 So often we associate these words with the ignominious surrender to the Japanese on 15 February 1942, but the surrender by the Japanese on 12 September 1945 is an equally important date in the story of WWII in Singapore. Singapore at war: Secrets from the fall, liberation & aftermath of WWII. From “The Second World War: Allied Victory” (1963), a documentary by Encyclopædia Britannica Educational Corporation. FILE- In this Sept. 2, 1945, file photo, Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs Japanese Instrument of Surrender, a document signed on the deck of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japan. : RSING 940.5425 BOS-[WAR]); Seven Japanese commanders. GamerHolic Recommended for you. It had the same effect as the first bomb, only this time there were 23,753 people killed and 43,020 wounded.2515 Aug 1945: Emperor Hirohito made a radio announcement to his people announcing the decision to accept the Potsdam Proclamation, and surrender to the Allies. The first was the choice of the location itself. They planned to occupy New Caledonia, the Fiji Islands, and Samoa and also to seize eastern New Guinea, whence they would threaten Australia from an air base to be established at Port Moresby. As the car drove by the streets, sailors and marines from the East Indies Fleet who had lined the streets greeted them. The Pacific war. The HMS Repulse was a battle cruiser built in 1916 and rehauled between 1936 and 1939. Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, who was the General Officer Commanding Malaya in WW2, can be seen signing the surrender document handing Singapore over to the Japanese … Chiang Kai-shek’s government on December 9, 1941, formally declared war not only against Japan (a formality long overdue) but also, with political rather than military intent, against Germany and Italy. The war against Japan: The surrender of Japan (Vol. On January 3, 1942, Chiang was recognized as supreme Allied commander for the China theatre of war; and a U.S. general, Joseph W. Stilwell, was sent to him to be his chief of staff. (1957). 10 October 1879, London, England–d. (1945, September 13). : R q940.5426 WIE-[WAR])21. (2005, August 10). : RCLOS 940.542 KIR)26. From. In the Indian Ocean, the Japanese captured the Andaman Islands on March 23, and began a series of attacks on British shipping. The Japanese surrendered to General Douglas MacArthur on board an American battleship, Missouri, at Tokyo Bay at 9 am on 2 September 1945 – officially ending WWII.1 Two weeks later, on 12 September 1945 at 11.10 am, local time, another Japanese surrender ceremony was held at the Municipal Building of Singapore (now known as City Hall), which was accepted by Lord Louis … The Straits Times, p. 1. : RSING 940.5425 HIS-[WAR]); Singapore at war: Secrets from the fall, liberation & aftermath of WWII. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Forces and resources of the European combatants, 1939, The Baltic states and the Russo-Finnish War, 1939–40, The war in the west, September 1939–June 1940, The invasion of the Low Countries and France, Italy’s entry into the war and the French Armistice, The Atlantic and the Mediterranean, 1940–41, Pearl Harbor and the Japanese expansion, to July 1942, Developments from autumn 1941 to spring 1942, Allied strategy and controversies, 1940–42, The Germans’ summer offensive in southern Russia, 1942, The Solomons, Papua, Madagascar, the Aleutians, and Burma, July 1942–May 1943, Montgomery’s Battle of el-Alamein and Rommel’s retreat, 1942–43, Stalingrad and the German retreat, summer 1942–February 1943, The invasion of northwest Africa, November–December 1942, The Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the North Sea, 1942–45, The Eastern Front, February–September 1943, The Southwest and South Pacific, June–October 1943, The Allied landings in Europe and the defeat of the Axis powers, Developments from autumn 1943 to summer 1944, Sicily and the fall of Mussolini, July–August 1943, The Allies’ invasion of Italy and the Italian volte-face, 1943, The western Allies and Stalin: Cairo and Tehrān, 1943, The Eastern Front, October 1943–April 1944, The war in the Pacific, October 1943–August 1944, The Burmese frontier and China, November 1943–summer 1944, Developments from summer 1944 to autumn 1945, The Allied invasions of western Europe, June–November 1944, Allied policy and strategy: Octagon (Quebec II) and Moscow, 1944, The Philippines and Borneo, from September 1944, The German offensive in the west, winter 1944–45, The Soviet advance to the Oder, January–February 1945, The end of the Japanese war, February–September 1945. This was the same flag that flew over the Government House before the war, and which was hidden by Malayan civil servant, Mervyn Cecil Frank Sheppard in his pillow during his captivity in the Changi prison during the Japanese Occupation. S. W., et al. 5). 271–272. The war against Japan: The surrender of Japan (Vol. But despite their military triumphs, the Japanese saw no indication that the Allies were ready for a negotiated peace. : RSING 940.5425 BOS-[WAR])10. The war against Japan: The surrender of Japan (Vol. S. W., et al. Singapore at war: Secrets from the fall, liberation & aftermath of WWII. London: H.M.S.O, pp. In pursuance of this new program, Japanese troops occupied Lae and Salamaua in New Guinea and Buka in the Solomon Islands in March 1942 and Bougainville in the Solomons and the Admiralty Islands (north of New Guinea) early in April. The Surrender of Singapore – September 1945, an introduction. The Americans, however, had the incomparable advantage of knowing the intentions of the Japanese in advance, thanks to the U.S. intelligence services’ having broken the Japanese Navy’s code and deciphered key radio transmissions. 8 August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war and on 9 August 1945, the Soviet Union invaded the Imperial Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. Historical research on the surrender ceremony at City Hall on 12th September 1945. A., & Mattson, G. L. (2001). THE JAPANESE SURRENDER AT SINGAPORE, 1945 | Imperial War Museums Do you have 5 minutes to help us improve our website? He also surrendered his two swords: a short sword forged in the 16th century and a long sword forged in the 13th century. Capitulations, Military--Singapore. 1925, Soo Chow [present-day Suzhou], China d. 1987, Penang, Malaysia) was born Chan Wai Chang into a family ... Mamoru Shinozaki (b. : RSING 940.5425 BOS -[WAR])28. (Call no. It was the practice in British Commonwealth countries to conduct a census of population at the beginning of each decade. Bose, R. (2012). S. W., et al. (Call no. The Japanese signed a total of 11 copies of the Instrument of Surrender; The ceremony was also witnessed by 400 spectators made up of commanders and officers from the navy, army and air force, as well as senior officers from the Supreme Headquarters of the South East Asia Command. British and Indian units in Burma fared scarcely better, being driven into retreat by the enemy’s numerical superiority both in the air and on the ground. From the archive, 1945: Japan signs the terms of surrender 3 September 1945 : With the signing on the USS Missouri, the second world war is now officially over. 27 Aug 1945: The American 3rd fleet accompanied the Duke of York of the British Pacific Fleet anchored at the Sagami Bay, before proceeding to occupying the Yokosuka naval base. (Call no. ... Sime Road Camp is the site of the former combined operational headquarters of the British Army and Royal Air Force during ... Arthur Ernest Percival (Lieutenant-General) (b. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.16. Meanwhile, on February 8 and 9, three Japanese divisions had landed on Singapore Island; and on February 15 they forced the 90,000-strong British, Australian, and Indian garrison there, under Lieutenant General A.E. Sixteen hours later, American President Harry S. Truman called again for Japan's surrender, warning them to "expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth." 15 October 1916, Singapore–d. : RCLOS 940.542 KIR)20. : RCLOS 940.542 KIR); Wiest, A. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.18. In the chamber, flags of Allied forces were hung and at the bases of its pillars stood one officer representing the different fighting forces; the Gurkhas, Sikhs, Australians, British airmen, Dutch, Americans, French (from the battleship Richelieu) and the 5th Indian Division.15The surrender ceremony finally ended with the hoisting of the Union Jack and the playing of the national anthems of all the Allied nations. By mid-March 1942 two Chinese armies, under Stilwell’s command, had crossed the Burmese frontier; but before the end of the month the Chinese force defending Toungoo, in central Burma between Rangoon and Mandalay, was nearly annihilated by the more soldierly Japanese. (1945, September 13). Hiroshima remembered. During the inspection, a fleet band played “Rule Britannia” accompanied by the firing of a seventeen-gun salute by the Royal Artillery.7The Instrument of Surrender was signed by General Itagaki, who signed on behalf of Hisaichi Terauchi, Field Marshall Count, Supreme Commander of the Imperial Japanese Forces, Southern Region.8 Terauchi was not able to attend the surrender ceremony as he had fallen ill due to a stroke.9 However, he personally surrendered to Mountbatten on 30 November 1945 in Saigon (Ho Chih Minh city). (2005, August 7). The U.S. Pacific Fleet had only three heavy carriers, eight cruisers, 18 destroyers, and 19 submarines, though there were some 115 aircraft in support of it. (1975). : RSING 940.5425 HIS-[WAR])4. Kirby. Kirby. The Instrument of Surrender was signed by Mr Shigemitsu as “by command of, and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Government of Japan”, and General Umezu who signed as "by command of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters”. The fall of Singapore to the Japanese Army on February 15th 1942 is considered one of the greatest defeats in the history of the British Army and probably Britains worst defeat in World War Two. : RSING 940.5425 HIS-[WAR])13. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, pp. The Battle of Midway was probably the turning point of the war in the Pacific, for Japan lost its first-line carrier strength and most of its navy’s best trained pilots. 30 Aug 1945: General MacArthur arrived at Atsugi airport. Singapore was the major British base in the Pacific and had been regarded as unassailable due to its strong seaward defenses. The Japanese landed at three points on Java on February 28 and rapidly expanded their beachheads. (Call no. So often we associate these words with the ignominious surrender to the Japanese on 15 February 1942, but the surrender by the Japanese on 12 September 1945 is an equally important date in the story of WWII in Singapore. Chinese line the streets of K'un-ming as the first supply convoy reaches the city over the Allied-controlled Burma-Ledo road during World War II. The war against Japan: The surrender of Japan (Vol. The Surrender of Singapore – September 1945; So often we associate these words with the ignominious surrender to the Japanese on 15 February 1942, but the surrender by the Japanese on 12 September 1945 is an equally important date in the story of WWII in Singapore. (Call no. Tiderace was initiated in coordination with Operation Zipper, which involved the liberation of Malaya. On February 13, moreover, Japanese paratroopers had landed at Palembang in Sumatra, which fell to an amphibious assault three days later. 1817, Onoura, Japan–d. Percival, to surrender. 5). (1957). Historical research on the surrender ceremony at City Hall on 12th September 1945. English: Signing of the Japanese Surrender at Singapore, 1945 Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten gives a public address from the steps of the Municipal Buildings in Singapore during the surrender ceremony. : RSING 940.5425 HIS-[WAR]); Bose, R. (2012). (1945, September 13). Kirby. Kirby. The official surrender ceremony of the Japanese to the Australian forces on board HMAS Kapunda at Kuching, Kingdom of Sarawak on September 11, 1945 . On the contrary, it seemed evident that an Allied counterstroke was in the making. : R q940.5426 WIE-[WAR])7. The Japanese surrendered to General Douglas MacArthur on board an American battleship, Missouri, at Tokyo Bay at 9 am on 2 September 1945 – officially ending WWII.1 Two weeks later, on 12 September 1945 at 11.10 am, local time, another Japanese surrender ceremony was held at the Municipal Building of Singapore (now known as City Hall), which was accepted by Lord Louis Mountbatten.2 It officially ended the Japanese Occupation of Southeast Asia.3 Surrender ceremony on board the American battleship Missouri in Tokyo BayThe Japanese representatives comprised Foreign Minister, Mr Mamoru Shigemitsu, General Yoshijiro Umezu of the Imperial General Headquarters, and nine others; three, each from the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Japanese navy and army. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Japanese casualties during the fighting in Singapore amounted to 1,714 killed and 3,378 wounded. Yet as people celebrated … In 1945 the Japanese surrendered Singapore and HMS Sussex was sent over to Singapore. History>>Asia>>Southeast Asia>>Singapore (1957). (1975). Singapore at war: Secrets from the fall, liberation & aftermath of WWII. On March 9 the 20,000 Allied troops in Java surrendered. (1945, September 13). Japanese Surrender And Local Shots London: H.M.S.O, p. 220. During this administration, many high-ranking Japanese officials were tried, and were either executed or given long sentences.6Surrender ceremony at Municipal Building of Singapore (now known as City Hall)On 12 September 1945, Supreme Allied Commander (Southeast Asia), Lord Louis Mountbatten, accompanied by the Deputy Supreme Commander Raymond Wheeler, was driven to the ceremony by a released prisoner-of-war. : RCLOS 940.542 KIR)6. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, pp. Japanese in Malaysia surrender at Singapore. Full occupation of Japan … Singapore at war: Secrets from the fall, liberation & aftermath of WWII. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.The information in this article is valid as at 2016 and correct as far as we can ascertain from our sources. During the inspection, a fleet band played “Rule Britannia” accompanied by the firing of a seventeen-gun salute by the Royal Artillery. Kirby. Nagasaki urges US to give up nukes. Bose, R. (2012). To the left of Mountbatten are Admiral Power and Lieutenant General Slim and to the right Lieutenant General Wheeler … 5). The Straits Times, p. 7. S. W., et al. 1942-1945 Japanese occupation S. W., et al. These moves, together with the bombing of Rabaul on February 23 and the establishment of bases in Australia and a line of communications across the South Pacific, made the Japanese decide to expand so as to cut the Allied line of communications to Australia. Thimayya (representing the Indian Army), Admiral Sir Arthur John Power (Commander-in Chief, East Indies Fleet), Lieutenant-General Raymond Albert Wheeler (Deputy Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, representing U.S.A.), Admiral Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten (Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia), General Sir William Joseph Slim (Commander-in-Chief, Allied Air Forces, South East Asia Command), Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park (Commander-in-Chief, Allied Air Forces, South East Asia Command), Major-General Feng Yee (Head of the Chinese military mission to South East Asia Command), Air Vice-Marshall A.T. Cole (representing Australia), Colonel D.C. Boorman van Vreedon (representing the Netherlands). The Straits Times, p. 1. In the ensuing Battle of Midway, the Japanese ships destined to take Midway Island were attacked while still 500 miles from their target by U.S. bombers on June 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.22. : RCLOS 940.542 KIR)14. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.17. (Call no. Wiest, A. London: H.M.S.O, p. 207. The Kranji Memorials, located off Woodlands Road, about 22 km from the city, is made up of three cemeteries: the Kranji ... Shenton Thomas Whitelegge Thomas (Sir) (b. The Straits Times, p. 17. (Call no. The Straits Times, p. 1. On May 5 and 6 the opposing carrier groups sought each other out, and the four-day Battle of the Coral Sea ensued. Singapore at war: Secrets from the fall, liberation & aftermath of WWII. (1957). Despite the mixed results of the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Japanese continued with their plan to seize Midway Island. 5). : R q940.5426 WIE-[WAR]); Kirby. London: H.M.S.O, p. 273. Kirby. Full description Looking aft on the quarterdeck of the heavy cruiser HMS Sussex assembled ship's officers; a … The surrender of Singapore demonstrat… London: H.M.S.O, pp. japanese surrender in singapore on 12th september 1945 - general seishiro itagaki of the japanese 7th area army signing the japanese surrender document at the municipal council chamber in the presence of lord mountbatten, the supreme commander of the south-east asia command MacArthur became supreme commander of the Southwest Pacific Area, which comprised the Dutch East Indies (less Sumatra), the Philippines, Australia, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the Solomons; and Admiral Chester W. Nimitz became commander in chief of the Pacific Ocean Areas, which comprised virtually every area not under MacArthur. Japan’s initial war plans were realized with the capture of Java. A., & Mattson, G. L. (2001). Japanese delegates sign surrender terms in Singapore, Mountbatten addresses the troops. Surrender of Japan, 1945 The Straits Times, p. 1. English:The Japanese Southern Armies Surrender at Singapore, 1945 Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, reads the terms of surrender to the Japanese delegation before they sign the formal document of surrender. Since the U.S. bombers that raided Tokyo on April 18 flew on to Chinese airfields, particularly to those in Chekiang (the coastal province south of Shanghai), the Japanese reacted by launching a powerful offensive to seize those airfields. The Japan–Singapore Economic Arrangement for a New Age Partnership is Singapore’s first free-trade agreement (FTA) with ... Tan Chong Tee, alias Lim Shu and Tan Tien Soong (b. (1957). (Call no. (1957). Wiest, A. As the car drove by the streets, sailors and marines from the East Indies Fleet who had lined the streets greeted them. The Instrument of Surrender signed at Singapore by Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten for the Allies and General Itagaki for the Japanese. Thimayya (representing the Indian Army)General P. Leclerc (representing France)Admiral Sir Arthur John Power (Commander-in Chief, East Indies Fleet)Lieutenant-General Raymond Albert Wheeler (Deputy Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia, representing U.S.A.)Admiral Lord Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten (Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia)General Sir William Joseph Slim (Commander-in-Chief, Allied Air Forces, South East Asia Command)Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park (Commander-in-Chief, Allied Air Forces, South East Asia Command)Major-General Feng Yee (Head of the Chinese military mission to South East Asia Command)Air Vice-Marshall A.T. Cole (representing Australia)Colonel D.C. Boorman van Vreedon (representing the Netherlands)Timeline27 Jul 1945: The Foreign Ministry of Japan received the Potsdam Proclamation from the Allies, which arrived in Tokyo at 6.00 am. Staplehurst: Spellmount, pp. (Call no. The Japanese Southern Armies surrender at Singapore on September 12, 1945. General Itagaki surrendered to the British represented by Lord Mountbatten at Municipal Hall, Singapore. The Straits Times, p. 1. THE JAPANESE surrender in Singapore was a day for the British to savour, revenge for their greatest humiliation of the war. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The surrender of the Empire of Japan on September 2, 1945, brought the hostilities of World War II to a close. The Straits Times, p. 3. 25. Bose, R. (2012). English: Japanese Surrender at Singapore, 12 September 1945 The Allied delegation led by Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten face the Japanese delegation led by General Itagaki across the table, for the signing of the surrender at Singapore. 25 Aug 1945: Emperor Hirohito issued a decree ordering all Japanese forces to demobilise and cease operation. The war against Japan: The surrender of Japan (Vol.